In France, brothers named Auguste and Louis Lumière, designed and built a lightweight, hand-held motion picture camera called the Cinématographe. The Lumière brothers discovered that their machine could also be used to project images onto a large screen. The Lumière brothers created several short films at this time that are considered to be pivotal in the history of motion pictures.
December 28 - The Lumière brothers have their first paying audience at the Grand Café Boulevard des Capucines — this date is sometimes considered the début of the motion picture as an entertainment medium.
Woodville Latham and his sons develop the Latham Loop - the concept of loose loops of film on either side of the intermittent movement to prevent stress from the jerky movement. This is débuted in the Eidoloscope, which is also the first widescreen format (1.85:1).